Анемия у беременных и кормящих

Потребность в железе у беременной или кормящей женщины возрастает в 2 раза.
✔️За время беременности и родов женщина теряет более 1,5 грамм железа. При том факте, что среднее количество железа в организме взрослого человека составляет 4 -6г. При обычном питании данные потери депо ферритина восстановятся лишь через 3 – 4 года.
✔️Несмотря на то, что определенная часть железа в период беременности сохраняется (ввиду отсутствия менструальных кровотечений), потребность в нем увеличивается в несколько раз.
Причины повышенной потребности в железе у беременных женщин следующие:
⬆️Увеличение объема циркулирующей крови и количества эритроцитов – 500 мг.
⬆️Железо, передаваемое плоду 300 мг.
⬆️Железо, входящее в состав плаценты 200 мг.
⬆️Кровопотеря во время родов и в послеродовом периоде 50 – 150 мг.
А если это родоразрешение посредством кесарево сечения – то 800 -1000 мг.
⬆️Железо, теряемое с грудным молоком за весь период кормления 400 – 500 мг.

Таким образом, за время вынашивания и грудного вскармливания одного ребенка женщина теряет минимум 1,5 г. железа.

Данные цифры увеличиваются при многоплодной беременности.

✔️Если учесть, что скорость всасывания железа не может превышать 2,5 мг в сутки, становится понятным, что практически любая беременность сопровождается развитием железодефицитного состояния различной степени тяжести.
Помним, что при снижении концентрации железа в крови, по каким либо причинам в данном случае (беременность, роды, ГВ) происходит выделение его из ферритина и использование для нужд организма.
Так начинается латентный период или железодефицитное состояние, которое нужно обязательно корректировать, а не ждать когда наступит Железодефицитная анемия, лечение которой занимает 90-120 дней, а последствия после нее могут оставить след на всю жизнь.
Вот этот момент очень хотелось не то, чтобы озвучить, а проорать на весь мир.

И напомнить девочкам планирующим беременность проверить свои уровень ферритина перед планированием беременности.
✔️Во-первых, чтобы забеременеть, потому что низкий ферритин, может являться причиной бесплодия.
✔️Минимизировать потери депо, не войти во время беременности в состояние железодефицитной анемии и не передать ее по наследству своему будущему малышу.
✔️При анемии развивающийся плод также будет страдать от гипоксии с соответствующими вытекающими последствиями, в том числе и нарушением развития.

Принимайте качественные перинатальные комплексы для беременных, которые восполняют дефицит необходимых витаминов и микроэлементов, необходимых для полноценного развития беременности, участвующих в процессе кроветворения и питающие ткани кислородом, поддерживающие ваше состояние здоровья.

Ссылка на источник.

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